SITE ADMISSION

REQUIRED FOR ALL ACTIVITIES (BEACH ACCESS, FISHING, FORT TOURS, BIRDING, ETC.) WE ARE A DOG FRIENDLY SITE.

 

ACCEPTING VISA, MASTERCARD AND DISCOVER

 

* ADULT $7

* SENIOR OVER 65  $5

* STUDENT OVER 12 $5

* CHILD 6-12 $4

* UNDER 6 FREE

EVENT PRICES VARY

* WEDDING $750

* AFTER HOURS $500

(Events may be canceled due to weather.  Check for updates on our Facebook)

Staff Directory

Director

Heather Tassin

251-540-5257

Cultural Resources Spec.

Dylan Tucker

251-540-7202

ASA II/Gift Shop Manager

Jan Dillon

251-540-7127

ASA II /Social Media Coordinator

Wendy Hyatt

251-540-5257

War of 1812-Fort Bowyer

 

Fort Bowyer was constructed by the U.S. Army during 1813 to guard against possible British attack. This small log and sand fortification was attack twice by the British during the War of 1812. The first attack made by four British warships and a combine force of British Royal Marines and Creek Indians came on September 15, 1814. The ensuing battle was total American victory. One warship, the H.M.S. Hermes was sunk and the marines and Creek Indians were forced to withdraw. During a second battle which took place during early February 1815, a combine British land and naval force forced the vastly outnumbered American troops to surrender the fort. By the terms of the treaty that ended the War of 1812, the British had to return Fort Bowyer to the United States. Fort Bowyer defended Mobile Point until the early 1820's.

Fort Bowyer Plaza Made Possible by a Generous Donation From:

The General Society of the War of 1812;  The Society War of 1812 in the State of Alabama;  The National Society of the United States Daughters of 1812;  The Alabama Society N.S.U.S.D. 1812;  and the Major Uriah Blue Chapter of Lower Alabama, N.S.U.S.D. 1812.

 

For Historical Information direct Requests to mailto: dylantucker@fort-morgan.org

 


Construction of Fort Morgan

 

Construction on Fort Morgan began in 1819. The fort was built by the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers mostly through the use of African-American slaves. Brick and mortar were the only materials that could be obtained locally. Other essential construction materials such as finished granite, sandstone, iron work, and cement had to be shipped by water from New York. The fort was known as the "Work on Mobile Point" until April 1833 when it was named to honor Revolutionary War hero General Daniel Morgan. Fort Morgan was completed in 1834.

 


 

Fort Morgan During the Civil War

 

Bastion 2 September 1864 Civil War Bastion 2 September 1864 Civil War

Fort Morgan Interior West Side McPherson and Oliver Photographers Civil War September 1864Fort Morgan Interior West Side McPherson and Oliver Photographers Civil War September 1864

Fort Morgan was seized by troops of the State of Alabama on January 4, 1861. Turned over to the Confederate Army in March of 1861, the fort served as the first line of defense for the city of Mobile and provided protection for blockade runners entering Mobile Bay. On the morning of August 5, 1864, Union naval forces fought their way past the Fort Morgan and defeated a Confederate naval squadron which included the C.S.S. Tennessee, one of the most powerful ironclads constructed in the South during the war. Union land forces commenced siege operations against Fort Morgan on August 9th. On the morning of August 22nd, Union artillery began one of the most intense bombardments of a single fort  recorded during the Civil War. The Confederate's losses were 17 men killed. The Confederate garrison's 581 men were forced to surrender the next morning.

 


 

The "Modern" Era at Fort Morgan

 

Kevin Johnson and Allie Brock-Hyatt WWI EventKevin Johnson and Allie Brock-Hyatt WWI Event

Officer's wifes and families would have lived on site.Officer's wifes and families would have lived on site.

July 3, 2018 WWI Photo GalleryJuly 3, 2018 WWI Photo Gallery

 

Taken From Atop Battery Dearborn May 1908 "Modern Era"Taken From Atop Battery Dearborn May 1908 "Modern Era"

Beginning in 1895 the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers began construction of a new fortification system at Fort Morgan. Reinforced concrete batteries replaced the old brick fort as the main fortification protecting Mobile Bay. During time of war, electrically detonated under water mines protected the entrance to Mobile Bay. Between 1900 and 1923, Fort Morgan became the largest permanent military base in Alabama with a garrison of over four hundred Coast Artillery soldiers. Over one hundred structures were build by the U.S. Army Quartermaster Department to support the coast defense mission. During World War One, two thousand troops were stationed at the fort. Many of these men trained on the new artillery weapons that were becoming commonplace on the battlefields of France. With the end of the World War, Fort Morgan's garrison was steadily reduced and in 1923 the post was ordered closed. However, Fort Morgan role as a coast defense post was not over. In November 1941, the U.S. Navy reoccupied the post and in April 1942, units of the 50th Coast Artillery Regiment arrived to renew the fort's coast defense mission. In July 1944, Fort Morgan was abandoned for the last time and its role in America's coast defense officially came to an end.

 

Possible Structures During Modern Era

(Referenced from Non-Tactical Structures at American Coast Artillery Forts Mark Berhow, Joel Eastman, and Bolling Smith Reference Guide 515)

Administration Building, Artillery Engineer Storehouse Athletic Field, Bakery, Barracks, band stand, Basketball Court,  Baseball Field, Blacksmith Shop, Bowling Alley, Carpentry Shop, Cemetery, Coal Storage, Commissary, Storehouse, Dump, Electrical Substation, Flag Poles, Fire Apparatus Building, Garages, Garbage Crematory, Gasoline pump and tank, Greenhouse, Guard House, Gymnasium, Harbor Defense Headquarters Building, Handball Courts, Hospital, Hospital Steward’s, Quarters, Ice House, Library and Reading Room, Non-Commissioned Officers Club, Officers Club, Oil House, Ordnance Machine Shop, Ordnance Storehouse, Plumbing Shop, Post Theater, Radio Station. 

1938, Post Exchange, Power (electrical) Plant, Pumping (water) Plant, Quartermaster Storehouse, Quartermaster Wharf, Quarters Officers, single and double, Quarters, Bachelors Officers, and mess Quarters, Non-Commissioned, single & double, Quarters, Married Enlisted Men, Quarters, Firemen, double, Salute Gun, Scale House, Sentry Box, Service (enlisted men’s) Club, School House, Stable, Swimming Pool, Teamsters Office, Tennis Courts, Veterinary Office, Wagon Shed, Water Tank, Well Shelter, Wood Shed, Work Shops

Fort Morgan West Front Circa 1890Fort Morgan West Front Circa 1890

Officer's Row 1904Officer's Row 1904

Modern Era Modern Era

 

Barracks 1908Barracks 1908